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Facial Paralysis Injuries

Facial paralysis injuries in newborns are unusual and can result in many problems for the infant, including trouble with nursing and only partial eye closure. If there is no improvement, the paralysis could have an impact on the child’s speech in the future, statements of emotion, and chewing. Congenital facial paralysis is described as traumatic or developmental, and an extensive physical examination is necessary to rule out the possibility of other congenital malformations.

Congenital facial paralysis can be unilateral, which means that one side of the face is affected, or bilateral, in which both sides of the face are affected. Unilateral facial paralysis can be relevant to such conditions as hemifacial macrosomia, which is marked by a lack of development on one side of the face. As a result of this condition, the affected side can have less facial motion.

The condition represents 8 to 14 percent of all instances of facial paralysis in children. In live births, facial paralysis occurs in 0.8 to 2.1 for every 1,000 births and, of these, 88 percent are connected with a challenging labor. Among patients experiencing birth trauma, 67 to 91 percent are associated with the use of forceps during delivery.

In live births, facial paralysis occurs in 0.8 to 2.1 for every 1,000 births and, of these, 88 percent are connected with a challenging labor. Among patients experiencing birth trauma, 67 to 91 percent are associated with the use of forceps during delivery.

Facial paralysis resulting from birth trauma

The usual cause of congenital facial paralysis is birth trauma that is relevant to a difficult delivery. Among the risk factors are the use of forceps during delivery, birth weight in excess of 3,500 grams, and primiparity, which is the condition of having borne a child for the first time. The injury resulting from the use of forceps is caused by the pressure from the posterior blade that constricts the bone above the vertical part of the facial canal. The use of middle forceps instead of low forceps during delivery also escalates the risk of injury to the facial nerve. A lengthy second-stage labor has the same effect. In some instances, surgery may be necessary to improve facial motion.

In addition to the improper use of forceps during delivery, incorrect administration of anesthesia or other medications by physicians or nurses can adversely affect the baby, and cause the baby’s nerves to become damaged during childbirth.

Congenital facial paralysis can be a permanent injury that can greatly impact the life of a child and the child’s family. If you think your child’s birth injury occurred due to the negligence of a health care professional, call the birth injury attorneys at Chalik & Chalik.

A History of Birth Injury Results

We have been fighting for victims of Florida birth injuries for decades.

$450

THOUSAND


Baby boy who suffered Erb’s Palsy

$290

THOUSAND


Child that suffered nerve injury

$287

THOUSAND


Baby girl who suffered Erb’s Palsy

$260

THOUSAND


Child birth with nerve damage

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